What is a dislocated shoulder?
Because the shoulder is the most mobile joint in the human body, it’s highly susceptible to dislocation. When the shoulder is dislocated, the upper arm bone (humerus) pops out of its cup-shaped socket (glenoid). A dislocated shoulder is visibly deformed or out-of-place, so a patient will usually recognize that their shoulder is dislocated as soon as the injury occurs.
Dislocated shoulders can be either complete or partial. A partial dislocation, called a subluxation, occurs when the top of the humerus only partially comes out of its socket. A complete dislocation means that the head of the humerus is completely removed from the socket. Both are highly painful.
After the shoulder is dislocated, patients should not attempt to force the arm bone back into place. This can damage the joint, as well as the muscles, ligaments, nerves, and blood vessels that surround it, causing further injury. Instead, patients should ice the injured shoulder until they receive medical attention. After receiving treatment, most patients will need to undergo a physical therapy program to restore full range of motion.
Source: Mayo Clinic
What causes a dislocated shoulder?
The most common causes of dislocated shoulders are sports injuries, accidents, falling, and seizures, which can cause the humerus to pull out of the socket. Dislocated shoulders are almost always a result of physical trauma; they do not occur simply due to overuse of the shoulder joint.
The two populations that are at greatest risk of dislocating a shoulder are young men and elderly women. That’s because young men are likely to be involved in sports and other physical activities, while elderly women tend to have more brittle bones and are more likely to fall.
The most common causes of a dislocated shoulder include:
- Sports injuries
- Contact injuries
Source: Medline Plus
Luna’s physical therapists treat
Luna has physical therapists across the Bay Area, Los Angeles, and Orange County with years of experience treating patients with dislocated shoulders. Our PTs will design physical therapy programs that will restore strength and motion the shoulder joint.
Best of all, with Luna, patients can receive physical therapy in the comfort of their homes, at work, at the gym, or anywhere else it’s needed. Our physical therapists come to you — it’s physical therapy, delivered.